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Sustainable Forest and Biodiversity Management in the Heart of Borneo (HoB) of Kalimantan (TA 8331-INO Project) : Biodiversity Ecosystem Services and Socio Economic Status

07 Apr 2017 | EmailKirim Teman

In the effort to develop Plan Vivo Project Idea Note (PIN) and Project Design Document (PDD) it is required to have based line information on biodiversity ecosystem services (BES) and socio economic status (SES) of the villages which manage the two selected forest areas; customary forest of Punan Adiu and village forest of Nanga Lauk. The objectives of the activities are to understand the socio-economic and biological as well as ecosystem status of the project sites and to identify indicators to be used to monitor project impact.

The information on biodiversity and ecosystem was collected through participatory biodiversity assessment (PBA) while the socio-economic was assessed through the focused group discussion (FGD). Both assessments were conducted with four replications in August 2016.   

The assessment in Punan Adiu indicated that there are at least six types of ecosystems in customary forest; lowland Dipterocarp forest (0-<300 m a.s.l.), secondary lowland Dipterocarp forest (0-<300 m a.s.l.), hill and sub-montane Dipterocarp forest (300-<900 m a.s.l.), secondary hill and sub-montane Dipterocarp forest (300-<900 m a.s.l.), water, other ecosystems such as shrub, regrowth, shifting cultivation area, smallholder agriculture and grassland.  The major ecosystem services in this area consist of three groups (1) provisioning services which include food, water, medicine, wood, wildlife and  NTFP (rattan, fruits, medicinal plants and else), (2) regulating services such as micro climate and hydrological function and (3) cultural services which include legendary site on the top of the Adiu montane as habitat for mystical fish species, a cave where mystical tiger occur, upstream Adiu river and the water fall (see the report of Punan Adiu).

On the other site, village of forest of Nanga Lauk suggests to have seven ecosystem types which cover of peat swamp forest, secondary peat swamp forest, riparian forest, secondary riparian  forest, wetland, water, and other ecosystem such as shrubs, shifting cultivation, smallholder agriculture and grassland. The major ecosystem services provided by the forest are provisioning services and regulating services (see the report of Nanga Lauk).

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